Code for How to Extract and Submit Web Forms from a URL using Python Tutorial

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from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from requests_html import HTMLSession
from pprint import pprint

# initialize an HTTP session
session = HTMLSession()

def get_all_forms(url):
    """Returns all form tags found on a web page's `url` """
    # GET request
    res = session.get(url)
    # for javascript driven website
    # res.html.render()
    soup = BeautifulSoup(res.html.html, "html.parser")
    return soup.find_all("form")

def get_form_details(form):
    """Returns the HTML details of a form,
    including action, method and list of form controls (inputs, etc)"""
    details = {}
    # get the form action (requested URL)
    action = form.attrs.get("action")
    if action:
        action = action.lower()
    # get the form method (POST, GET, DELETE, etc)
    # if not specified, GET is the default in HTML
    method = form.attrs.get("method", "get").lower()
    # get all form inputs
    inputs = []
    for input_tag in form.find_all("input"):
        # get type of input form control
        input_type = input_tag.attrs.get("type", "text")
        # get name attribute
        input_name = input_tag.attrs.get("name")
        # get the default value of that input tag
        input_value =input_tag.attrs.get("value", "")
        # add everything to that list
        inputs.append({"type": input_type, "name": input_name, "value": input_value})
    for select in form.find_all("select"):
        # get the name attribute
        select_name = select.attrs.get("name")
        # set the type as select
        select_type = "select"
        select_options = []
        # the default select value
        select_default_value = ""
        # iterate over options and get the value of each
        for select_option in select.find_all("option"):
            # get the option value used to submit the form
            option_value = select_option.attrs.get("value")
            if option_value:
                if select_option.attrs.get("selected"):
                    # if 'selected' attribute is set, set this option as default    
                    select_default_value = option_value
        if not select_default_value and select_options:
            # if the default is not set, and there are options, take the first option as default
            select_default_value = select_options[0]
        # add the select to the inputs list
        inputs.append({"type": select_type, "name": select_name, "values": select_options, "value": select_default_value})
    for textarea in form.find_all("textarea"):
        # get the name attribute
        textarea_name = textarea.attrs.get("name")
        # set the type as textarea
        textarea_type = "textarea"
        # get the textarea value
        textarea_value = textarea.attrs.get("value", "")
        # add the textarea to the inputs list
        inputs.append({"type": textarea_type, "name": textarea_name, "value": textarea_value})
    # put everything to the resulting dictionary
    details["action"] = action
    details["method"] = method
    details["inputs"] = inputs
    return details

if __name__ == "__main__":
    import sys
    # get URL from the command line
    url = sys.argv[1]
    # get all form tags
    forms = get_all_forms(url)
    # iteratte over forms
    for i, form in enumerate(forms, start=1):
        form_details = get_form_details(form)
        print("="*50, f"form #{i}", "="*50)

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup

from pprint import pprint
from urllib.parse import urljoin
import webbrowser
import sys

from form_extractor import get_all_forms, get_form_details, session

# get the URL from the command line
url = sys.argv[1]
all_forms = get_all_forms(url)
# get the first form (edit this as you wish)
# first_form = get_all_forms(url)[0]
for i, f in enumerate(all_forms, start=1):
    form_details = get_form_details(f)
    print(f"{i} #")

choice = int(input("Enter form indice: "))
# extract all form details
form_details = get_form_details(all_forms[choice-1])
# the data body we want to submit
data = {}
for input_tag in form_details["inputs"]:
    if input_tag["type"] == "hidden":
        # if it's hidden, use the default value
        data[input_tag["name"]] = input_tag["value"]
    elif input_tag["type"] == "select":
        for i, option in enumerate(input_tag["values"], start=1):
            # iterate over available select options
            if option == input_tag["value"]:
                print(f"{i} # {option} (default)")
                print(f"{i} # {option}")
        choice = input(f"Enter the option for the select field '{input_tag['name']}' (1-{i}): ")
            choice = int(choice)
            # choice invalid, take the default
            value = input_tag["value"]
            value = input_tag["values"][choice-1]
        data[input_tag["name"]] = value
    elif input_tag["type"] != "submit":
        # all others except submit, prompt the user to set it
        value = input(f"Enter the value of the field '{input_tag['name']}' (type: {input_tag['type']}): ")
        data[input_tag["name"]] = value

# join the url with the action (form request URL)
url = urljoin(url, form_details["action"])
# pprint(data)
if form_details["method"] == "post":
    res =, data=data)
elif form_details["method"] == "get":
    res = session.get(url, params=data)

# the below code is only for replacing relative URLs to absolute ones
soup = BeautifulSoup(res.content, "html.parser")
for link in soup.find_all("link"):
        link.attrs["href"] = urljoin(url, link.attrs["href"])
for script in soup.find_all("script"):
        script.attrs["src"] = urljoin(url, script.attrs["src"])
for img in soup.find_all("img"):
        img.attrs["src"] = urljoin(url, img.attrs["src"])
for a in soup.find_all("a"):
        a.attrs["href"] = urljoin(url, a.attrs["href"])

# write the page content to a file
open("page.html", "w").write(str(soup))
# open the page on the default browser"page.html")