How to Change Text Color in Python

Learn how to use colorama library to print colored text with different colors (such as red, green and blue) in the background and foreground and brightness in Python.
  · 3 min read · Updated may 2024 · General Python Tutorials

Turn your code into any language with our Code Converter. It's the ultimate tool for multi-language programming. Start converting now!

Printing to the console in different colors is pretty handy and quite practical, from building fancy scanning scripts to distinguishing different log message types (debug, info, critical, etc.) in your programs. In this tutorial, you will learn how you can print colored text in Python using colorama library.

We'll be using colorama. Let's first install it:

$ pip install colorama

Next, open up a new Python file and write the following:

from colorama import init, Fore, Back, Style

# essential for Windows environment
# all available foreground colors
FORES = [ Fore.BLACK, Fore.RED, Fore.GREEN, Fore.YELLOW, Fore.BLUE, Fore.MAGENTA, Fore.CYAN, Fore.WHITE ]
# all available background colors
BACKS = [ Back.BLACK, Back.RED, Back.GREEN, Back.YELLOW, Back.BLUE, Back.MAGENTA, Back.CYAN, Back.WHITE ]
# brightness values

First, we call the init() function, which is necessary in the Windows environment for colorama to function properly, it does nothing on other platforms, so you can remove it.

Second, we define all the available foreground colors in FORES list, and background colors in BACKS list, we also define BRIGHTNESS list for different brightness settings.

Next, let's make a function that wraps the regular Python's print() function, but with the ability to set color and brightness:

def print_with_color(s, color=Fore.WHITE, brightness=Style.NORMAL, **kwargs):
    """Utility function wrapping the regular `print()` function 
    but with colors and brightness"""
    print(f"{brightness}{color}{s}{Style.RESET_ALL}", **kwargs)

We simply use print() inside, but prepending the text with brightness and color codes and appending Style.RESET_ALL in the end to reset to default color and brightness each time, we use the function.

We also pass **kwargs so we can use other print() function's keyword arguments, such as end and sep.

Now that we have our function let's use all foreground colors and print the same text with different colors and each with different brightness:

# printing all available foreground colors with different brightness
for fore in FORES:
    for brightness in BRIGHTNESS:
        print_with_color("Hello world!", color=fore, brightness=brightness)

This will look like in the following image:

Same text with different colors in PythonBlack is not showing, as the terminal's background color is black as well; here is with a different background color:

Same text with different colors in PythonLet's now use the background colors:

# printing all available foreground and background colors with different brightness
for fore in FORES:
    for back in BACKS:
        for brightness in BRIGHTNESS:
            print_with_color("A", color=back+fore, brightness=brightness, end=' ')

You can change the background and the foreground color at the same time. That's why we're iterating over foreground colors too; here's how it'll look:

Different background colors with Colorama in Python


That's it! Now you know all the available foreground and background colors and brightness values in colorama library in Python. I hope this was helpful for you in quickly grasping information and copying code for your projects.

Learn also: How to Make a Port Scanner in Python.

Happy coding ♥

Let our Code Converter simplify your multi-language projects. It's like having a coding translator at your fingertips. Don't miss out!

View Full Code Understand My Code
Sharing is caring!

Read Also

Comment panel

    Got a coding query or need some guidance before you comment? Check out this Python Code Assistant for expert advice and handy tips. It's like having a coding tutor right in your fingertips!